Full milk, or whole milk, is a type of milk that contains all of the naturally occurring fat from the milk. Skim milk, or fat-free milk, has had the fat removed and is a lower-fat option. There has been controversy about whether full milk or skim milk is healthier, with some studies suggesting that full milk may be more beneficial.
One study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, aimed to investigate the potential health effects of full milk compared to skim milk. The study examined 2907 older adults in the United States who did not have cardiovascular disease (CVD) at the start of the study. The participants’ fatty acid concentrations were measured at the beginning of the study and again 6 and 13 years later. The researchers followed the participants for 22 years, during which time 2428 deaths occurred, including 833 from CVD and 1595 from non-CVD causes.
The results of the study showed that full milk was not significantly associated with an increased risk of total mortality or CVD. In fact, high levels of certain fatty acids found in full milk were associated with a lower risk of CVD mortality, particularly stroke mortality. However, high levels of these fatty acids were also associated with an increased risk of non-CVD mortality.
Overall, this study suggests that full milk may not be as harmful as previously thought and may even have some potential health benefits. However, more research is needed to fully understand the relationship between full milk and health. It is important to remember that milk is just one part of a healthy diet and that other factors, such as overall diet and lifestyle, also play a role in overall health